We all go on vacation to the places which we would like or about which we have heard. But do you know the world heritage sites in India which we should give at least once a visit.
Today we are listing here Top 10 Heritage Sites in India recognized by UNESCO.
Top 10 Heritage Sites in India
Just read about these heritage sites before you plan to visit one of them-
Taj Mahal, Agra
Taj Mahal is one of the wonder among the 7 wonders in the world. Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in between 1631 and 1648 for his beloved wife Mumtaz.
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of River Yamuna. Taj Mahal is completely made of marble and it took 20 years to complete, thousands of artists, craftsmen worked on it. It is the World Heritage site since 1983.
Every year 7 to 8 million tourist give visit to the Taj Mahal and in that 0.8 million tourists are foreigners. According to the day change the color of the Taj Mahal appears.
Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad
Ajanta is one of the ancient and oldest caves in India and is one of the popular destinations in Maharashtra. It is situated 52 kms away from Jalgaon Railway Station and 104 kms from Aurangabad.
This cave was rediscovered by one British Army in year 1819 during his tiger hunting. Ajanta Caves are good examples of India Art and Paintings.
The caves are excavated in between 2nd Century BC to 6th Century AD and there are total 30 rock cut Buddhist caves.
Ajanta caves are in horse shoe shaped. It was declared world heritage site in year 1983.
The best time to visit Ajanata Caves is in between November to March.
Ellora Caves, Aurangabad
Ellora Caves are situated 100 kms away from Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad. Locally Ellora Caves are known as ‘Verul Leni’. Ellora Caves were built by Rashtrakuta Dynasty.
There are total 34 caves in which there 12 Buddhist Caves, 17 Hindu Caves and 5 Jain Caves. There are also rock- cut temples of Buddhist, Jain and Hindu this shows harmony in between three religions.
The caves were excavated in between 5th century and 10th Century and the caves were visited regularly as per the written records. Ellora Caves was declared as World Heritage site in year 1983.
Sun Temple, Konarak
Sun Temple was built in 13th Century in Konark, Odisha State by Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty.
It was declared as world heritage site in year 1984. NDTV and Times of India has listed Sun Temple in Seven Wonders of India.
The word konark arises from two Sanskrit words ‘Kona’ means corner and ‘arka’ means sun. The temple is dedicated to Sun God ‘Surya’. The temple resembles the giant ornamented Chariot of Sun God who moves around the Chariot.
It has twelve carved stone wheels which are the main attraction of the temple. Europeans called the Sun temple as ‘Black Pagoda’ and the Puri Temple as ‘White Pagoda’.
The best time to visit is in between October to March.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Kaziranga National Park is the only park in world to have the ideal habitat of one horned Rhinoceros. It is located on the bank of Brahmaputra River in Assam. Kaziranga National Park was declared as world heritage site in year 1985.
Other animals like elephants, bears, panthers, tigers, wild water buffaloes, swamp deer, Indian bison, hog deer, leopards, jackals, sloth bears are also found.
In winter season thousands of birds migrate on the lakes. The best time to visit the park is mid November and mid April.
Red Fort, Delhi
Red Fort is also known as Lal Quila and is situated in Old Delhi. Red Fort was built in 17th century by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and it took 9 years to complete as is the masterpiece of architecture.
The fort is built with red sandstone and marble. Every Independence Day, Indian Prime minister hosts the flag from the main gate of the Red Fort.
Inside the fort there are various attractions like hall of public, museums, gardens, plush apartments, mosque and marble palaces.
There is also a place called Hammams or Royal baths where the royals would take the bath. Ran Mahal was specially built for ladies. The Fort was declared as world heritage site in year 1983.
Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka
Hampi is traditionally known as Pampakshetra of Kishkindha, Hampi was the capital of Vijaynagar Empire of 14th century to 16th century.
Hampi city is situated on the banks of the river Tungabhadra and derived the name hampi from the pampa the old name of river Tungabhadra. Hampi is the important destination for many pilgrims.
Hampi has more than 500 temples some of the famous are Virupaksha Temple, Underground Shiva Temple, Badavi Ling, Yantrodharaka Anjaneya Temple, Hazara Rama Temple, Achytaraya Temple, Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy, Chandramauleshwar Temple, Hemakuta Group of Temples, Krishna Temples & Vittala Temple.
The best time to visit Hampi is in between September to Febrauary. From 2nd Nov to 5th Nov annual Hampi Festival is hosted by the city.
Agra Fort, Agra
Agra Fort was built by the Mughal Emperor Akbar as military establishment and is situated on the bank of river Yamuna.
Agra Fort is built with red sandstone and has four gates. It is just 2.5 kms away from the world famous Taj Mahal. The fort has a mix Hindu and Mughal style Art & Architecture.
This fort is like a city and is surrounded by the 70ft tall wall. The Fort was under Maratha Empire in mid 18th century.
The best time to visit the Agra Fort is in between November to February. The Fort was declared as world heritage site in year 1983.
Bhimbetka Caves, Madhya Pradesh
Bhimbetka Caves are situated 45 km northeast of Bhopal. It is said that Bhimbetka got the name from the character Bhim from the epic Mahabharata and Bhimbetka means the sitting place of Bhim.
There are more than 700 rock shelters of which 400 have paintings. Some of the paintings in Bhimbetka Caves are more than 30,000 years old and vegetable colors are used for paintings.
In Bhimbetka the Stone Age traces of human life have been found. The main attraction in Bhimbetka Caves is Zoo Rock, Boar Rock and Auditorium Rock Shelter.
In year 2003 Bhimbetka Caves were declared as the world heritage site.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
Mahabodhhi Temple is a the holy destination for Buddhists from all over the world and is considered as Buddha attained enlightenment in this place. Mahabodhi Temple is situated in Gaya District of State Bihar.
Mahabodhi Temple is one of the four holy destinations for Buddhist. Around 250 BC Emperor Ashoka visited Bod Gaya and built the temple.
The Bodhi Tree at Mahabodhi Temple is considered where Siddhartha Gautam attained enlightenment and became the Buddha.
The best time to visit the temple is in between November to February. A large number of devotees visit in month of May during Buddha Jayanti.
This temple was declared as world heritage site in year 2002.